```
library(chronicler)
library(maybe)
#>
#> Attaching package: 'maybe'
#> The following objects are masked _by_ '.GlobalEnv':
#>
#> bind, fmap
```

`{chronicler}`

uses the `{maybe}`

package under the hood; `{maybe}`

implements the *Maybe* monad which provides an elegant solution to situations where functions fail. As an example, let’s consider the `sqrt()`

function decorated using `maybe()`

:

```
<- maybe(sqrt)
m_sqrt
m_sqrt(16)
#> Just
#> [1] 4
```

`m_sqrt(16)`

succeeds and returns `Just 4`

. But what happens if it fails?

```
m_sqrt("10")
#> Nothing
```

`m_sqrt("10")`

returns `Nothing`

because `sqrt("10")`

would return an error. Using `maybe()`

allows you to build safe functions that never fail; you can explicitely handle `Nothing`

values instead of having the program crash and stop.

When a computation fails, functions decorated using `record()`

also return `Nothing`

:

```
<- record(sqrt)
r_sqrt
r_sqrt("16")
#> NOK! Value computed unsuccessfully:
#> ---------------
#> Nothing
#>
#> ---------------
#> This is an object of type `chronicle`.
#> Retrieve the value of this object with pick(.c, "value").
#> To read the log of this object, call read_log(.c).
```

and when computations succeed, `Just`

values are also returned:

```
<- record(sqrt)
r_sqrt
r_sqrt(16)
#> OK! Value computed successfully:
#> ---------------
#> Just
#> [1] 4
#>
#> ---------------
#> This is an object of type `chronicle`.
#> Retrieve the value of this object with pick(.c, "value").
#> To read the log of this object, call read_log(.c).
```

If `Nothing`

is passed to a function decorated by `record()`

, `Nothing`

gets immediately returned.

Users of `{chronicle}`

do not need to be familiar with the `{maybe}`

package to use it, as conversion to and from `maybe`

objects is handled automatically.

To recuperate the value from a `chronicler`

object, users can use `pick()`

:

```
pick(r_sqrt(16), "value")
#> [1] 4
```

`pick()`

converts the value from the `maybe`

type to the underlying type of the object. Compare to:

```
r_sqrt(16))$value
(#> Just
#> [1] 4
```

which returns the `Just`

object. To learn more about `{maybe}`

, read the package’s readme which provides a nice introduction.